Do your employees know the hazards of cutting, punching, shearing, and bending machines? You can address this important machine safeguarding topic using the basic information that follows.
Cutting machines are common in various industries, and it’s easy to forget how hazardous the actions of these machines can be. Cutting hazards occur when your fingers, hands, and other body parts are exposed to cutting actions, or when flying chips or scrap material can strike your head, face, or eyes.
Examples of cutting machines include band and circular saws, boring or drilling machines, and lathes and milling machines. Cutting actions include rotating, reciprocating, or transverse motions.
Punching machines involve actions that carry a tremendous amount of force. Therefore, it’s extremely important to guard the point of operation of these machines and keep body parts out of harm’s way. Punching hazards occur when your fingers or hands could be crushed while inserting, holding, or withdrawing material by hand.
Examples of punching machines include power presses and ironworking equipment.
Shearing machines obviously can be highly dangerous. Shearing hazards include the crushing or tearing of body parts at the point where material is inserted, held, or withdrawn. Shearing machines can be powered by hydraulic, mechanical, or pneumatic energy. Shearing actions include the use of a powered slide or knife to trim or shear metal or other materials.
Bending machines also use a tremendous amount of force to do their work and, therefore, present a major hazard to operators. The main hazard is the potential for crushing body parts where material is inserted, held, or withdrawn. Examples of bending machines include power presses and press brakes, and tubing benders.
Bending actions are those that apply power in order to draw or stamp metals or other materials.
Ram mechanisms are another example of hazardous action that is used on metal or other materials for the purpose of bending, drawing, or stamping.
The above information comes from BLR’s presentation 'Machine Guarding.' For more information on all the training courses BLR has to offer, go to our Safety Training page.