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Scaffolding (Construction)
National Summary

This topic covers scaffolds used in construction work (i.e., any temporary elevated platform and its supporting structure used to support employees or material).

OSHA’s scaffold rules for construction (29 CFR 1926.450 - .454) cover scaffold design, assembly, employee access, employee use, fall protection, protection from falling objects, and employee training. Scissor lifts are covered under the general requirements. There are additional rules for other specific types of scaffolds.

Aerial lifts in construction are covered under a specific rule for that type of equipment.

For related resources and training materials, refer to the following topics:


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Interpretations "Scaffolds" 08/27/2007National
Directives 01/07/1997 - Inspection Procedures for Enforcing Subpart L, Scaffolds Used in Construction - 29 CFR 1926.450-454 07/22/2003National
Directives 08/12/1991 - CPL 2.34 CH-7 - Changes to the Construction Standard Alleged Violation Elements (SAVEs) Manual 07/22/2003National
Directives 08/14/1979 - STD 3-10.1B - General Industry and Maritime Industry Standards as Related to Construction Standard, 1926.451(a)(10) 07/09/2003National
Directives 10/30/1978 - STD 3-10.2 - 29 CFR 1926.451(i)(8), Multistage Suspension Scaffolds 07/08/2003National
Directives 10/30/1978 - STD 3-10.3 - 29 CFR 1926.451(a)(5) Scaffolding, General Requirements Guardrails 07/08/2003National
Directives 10/30/1978 - STD 3-10.4 - 29 CFR 1926.451 Scaffolding 07/08/2003National
Violations 2009 Violation Summary for Scaffolding - Construction  National
Violations 2011 Violation Summary for Scaffolding - Construction  National
Regulations 29 CFR § 1926.450 Scope, application and definitions applicable to this subpart  National
Regulations 29 CFR § 1926.451 General requirements.  National
Regulations 29 CFR § 1926.452 Additional requirements applicable to specific types of scaffolds  National
Regulations 29 CFR § 1926.453 Aerial lifts.  National
Guidance Documents A Guide to Scaffold Use in the Construction Industry  National
Interpretations A letter of determination of the new scaffold mandate. 08/05/1997National
Interpretations Acceptability of climbing over or through guardrails on scaffolds used in construction.[1926.450; 1926.451; 1926.452; 1926.453; 1926.454] 05/25/2001National
Interpretations Access requirements for cantilevered work platforms; use of unstable objects is prohibited.[1926.451(e)(1),1926.451(c)(2)(iii); 1926.450(b)] 07/23/2001National
Interpretations Allowable tolerance for the height of guardrails [1926.451(a)(5)] 01/31/1992National
Interpretations Applicability of scaffold fall protection to guardrails near ladder access areas on scaffolds; toeboards across ladder access areas.[1926.451(e); 1926.451(e)(2); 1926.451(g); 1926.451(g)(1); 1926.451(h); 1926.451(h)(2); 1926.1053(b)(1)] 06/20/2005National
Interpretations Application of 1926.451(b)(3)(ii) to "Drivit" (synthetic stucco) systems.[1926.451(b)(3)(ii)] 01/22/2001National
Interpretations Application of OSHA construction standards that govern the loading of materials onto scissor lifts and the restraining of those stored materials.[1926.450; 1926.451(a)(6); 1926.454(a); 1926.454(b); 1926.451(a)(6); 1926.250; 1926.451(h); 01/19/2005National
Notices Avalotis Corp.; Notice of Application for a Permanent Variance and Interim Order, Grant of an Interim Order, and Request for Comments 11/09/2009National
Interpretations Clarification of 1926.451(a)(6) requirements for scaffolds and bridge-painting projects[1926.451(a)(6); 1926.451(a)(1); 1926.451(a)(3); 1926.451(d)(12)(iv); 1926.451(f)(16); 1926.451(g)(1)(i); 1926.451(g)(1)(ii); 1926.451(g)(1)(iii); 192 08/06/2002National
Interpretations Clarification of OSHA policy regarding the use of scaffold stairs for access to a multi - story structure.[1926.451; 1926.1051] 08/22/2000National
Interpretations Compliance of Master Plank scaffold planking with OSHA plank strength requirements. 10/30/2003National
Interpretations Compliance of Non-Stop base tower and extension frames with scaffold access requirements.[1926.451; 1926.451(e)(6)(ii); 1926.451(e)(6)(vi); 1926.451(e)(7)] 01/23/2003National
Interpretations Composition, span, and deflection of underslung bridge scaffold platform systems.[1926.451; 1926.451(f)(16); 1926.450] 04/21/2004National
Interpretations Duties of the competent person during the erecting, dismantling and moving of scaffolds. 02/24/1997National
Interpretations Enforcement policy for stall loads of scaffold hoists.[1926.451] 12/17/1996National
Interpretations Evaluation of the Jax Scaffold System.[1926.451; 1926.451(g)(4)(vii); 1926.451(a)] 04/21/2004National
Interpretations Fall protection achorage points: guardrail systems and cranes. 06/08/1998National
Interpretations Fall protection and access for scaffold erecting and dismantling. 12/04/1997National
Interpretations Fall protection requirements during installation and removal or tarps and sheeting on/from scaffolds; qualifications of person determining safety on scaffold with wind imposed forces.[1926.451(g)(2); 1926.451(f)(12); 1926.451(g)(1); 1926 07/16/2003National
Interpretations Fall protection requirements for workers constructing a water tower while on a scaffold.[1926.451(g); 1926.451(g)(1); 1926.451(g)(i); 1926.451(g)(1)(vii); 1926.451(g)(1)(ii); 1926.451(g)(1)(iii); 1926.451(g)(1)(iv); 1926.451(g)(1)(v); 1926 04/05/2005National
Interpretations Foundation requirements for scaffolds; competent person qualifications for assessing foundations.[1926.451(c)(1)(iii); 1926.451(c)(2); 1926.451(c)(2)(i); 1926.451(f)(3); 1926.451(f)(7); 1926.450] 08/01/2000National
Interpretations Fully Planked and Decked Scaffold[1926.451; 1926.451(b)(1)] 03/02/2010National
Interpretations Girder Lock Overhang Form System. [1926.451] 04/19/1994National
Interpretations Grounding precautions for arc welding from suspended scaffolds. 12/10/1998National
Interpretations Guardrail requirements for two point suspension scaffolds. [1926.451; 1926.451(b)(3); 1926.451(g)(1)(ii); 1926.451(g)(1)(vi); 1926.451(g)(4)(i)] 09/14/2006National
Interpretations Height to base width ratio for mobile scaffolds with/without outriggers.[1926.451(c)(1); 1926.452(w)(6); 1926.452(w)(6)(ii); 1926.452(w)(6)(iii)] 03/10/2004National
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