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Emergency Action Plans
National Summary

This topic covers the Emergency Action Plan (EAP), which is a written plan designed to facilitate and organize employee actions, including evacuation, during a workplace emergency.

OSHA strongly recommends that all businesses have an EAP. An employer must have an EAP for its facilities whenever a specific OSHA standard requires one—for example, in any facility with fixed extinguishing systems and fire detection systems. Examples of emergencies covered under the EAP rule include fires, spills, natural disasters, toxic gas releases, radiological accidents, explosions, and workplace violence. Employers should perform a hazard assessment to identify potential dangers that warrant an EAP.

For related resources and training materials, refer to the following topics:

  • Emergency Preparedness for information on OSHA’s emergency preparedness and response rules
  • Exit Routes for information on OSHA requirements for exit routes
  • Fire Prevention for information on Fire Prevention Plans (FPPs) and other fire safety measures
  • ADA for information on provisions for persons with disabilities during emergencies and evacuations

Also see BLR’s Disaster Planning and Response resource center for a collection of documents and resources to help you keep your business and employees safe during emergencies.

Related Topics
Applies to News & White Papers
Interpretations Emergency action plan procedures when employees discover an unknown biohazard. [1910.38] 04/17/2007National
Regulations 29 CFR § 1910.38 Emergency action plans  National
Interpretations Alarm systems for employee evacuation and/or response.[1910.38; 1910.165; 1910.120; 1910.1200] 12/16/1992National
Training Tips Are Employees Prepared for Emergencies?  National
Questions & Answers Are there other resources for written emergency action plans? 05/31/2013National
Questions & Answers Are there regulations for where emergency evacuation maps have to be posted in a facility? 03/14/2016National
Checklists Bomb Threat Call Checklist  National
Plans Emergency Action Plan  National
Policies Emergency Action Plan (Word)  National
Regulatory Analysis Emergency Action Plans  National
Cartoons Emergency Meeting Place (JPG)  National
Speaker's Notes Emergency Preparedness: Strategies to Ensure Business Continuity and Worker Safety in the Wake of Disaster  National
Guidance Documents Emergency Response to Severe Weather or Other Natural Disaster  National
Forms Evacuation and Fire Drill Evaluation Form  National
Questions & Answers I need an emergency action plan for tower climbing activities such as cell towers. Is there anything available in Safety.BLR.com that I can access? 11/12/2009National
Guidance Documents Planning and Responding to Workplace Emergencies [OSHA Fact Sheet]  National
Plans Shelter-in-Place Procedures  National
Guidance Documents Webinar (2015-09): Emergency Preparedness: Strategies to Ensure Business Continuity and Worker Safety in the Wake of Disaster  National
Questions & Answers What is the definition of a fixed extinguishing system? Is that an automatic sprinkler system? Also, what else would require us to have an emergency preparedness plan? 03/24/2008National
Questions & Answers What's the guideline on when emergency lighting is required? 09/28/2011National
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