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Slips and Falls
National Summary

This topic covers OSHA’s walking and working surfaces standard for general industry, better known as slips, trips, and falls.

The rule regulates most areas where employees work or travel in the workplace. It includes ladders, wall and floor openings, aisles, scaffolds, and stairs, and cover design, construction, and installation specifications for injury prevention, as well as procedures and guidelines for the safe use of equipment such as scaffolds and portable ladders.

Although OSHA does not have a specific general industry rule for fall protection, OSHA considers the walking/working surfaces rule and the personal protective equipment rules (29 CFR 1910.132 to 1910.138) to serve as fall protection guidelines for general industry workplaces.

For related resources and training materials, refer to the following topics:

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Speaker's Notes [Webinar Oultine]: Job Hazard Analysis for Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls: A Step-by-Step Process for Eliminating Injuries  National
Directives 04/16/1984 - STD 1-1.13 - Fall Protection in General Industry 29 CFR 1910.23(c)(1) (c)(3), and 29 CFR 1910.132(a) 07/18/2003National
Directives 04/26/1982 - STD 1-1.11 - The Alternating Tread Type Stair 07/18/2003National
Directives 06/16/2006 - 06-03 (CPL 02) - Cancellation of STD 01-01-007 (29 CFR 1910.23, Guarding Floor and Wall Opening and Holes - General Industry) 06/16/2006National
Directives 06/30/1981 - STD 1-1.10 - Height of Guardrails in General Industry Applications 07/16/2003National
Directives 10/30/1978 - STD 1-1.1 - Defining the Term 07/09/2003National
Directives 10/30/1978 - STD 1-1.5 - 29 CFR 1910.23(c)(1), Protection of Opensided Floors, Platforms and Runways; Guardrails - Loading Rack Platforms 07/07/2003National
Directives 10/30/1978 - STD 1-1.6 - 29 CFR 1910.23(e)(5), (iii), Clearance of Handrails and Railings - General Industry 07/08/2003National
Directives 10/30/1978 - STD 1-1.8 - 29 CFR 1910.23(c), Metal Pouring Platforms - Protection of Open- sided Floors, Platforms and Runways 07/08/2003National
Regulations 29 CFR § 1910.23 Guarding floor and wall openings and holes  National
Regulations 29 CFR § 1910.24 Fixed industrial stairs  National
Final Rules 29 CFR 1910 - Walking-Working Surfaces an Personal Protective Equipment (Fall Protection Systems); Final Rule 11/18/2016National
Interpretations Acceptability of a Fixed Ramp with a One-in-Four Slope on an Industrial Conveyor. [1910.23; 1910.132] 07/06/2005National
Interpretations Acceptability of slip on fittings on stair rails and requirement for stair rails to be smooth surfaced. [1910.23; 1910.23(e)(1)] 11/14/2005National
Interpretations Acceptable use of single point anchor systems for window cleaning operations. 03/08/2002National
Interpretations Alternative fall protection program when guardrails are infeasible to install. [1910.23; 1910.23(c)] 02/27/2006National
Questions & Answers Are we "grandfathered" in the following situtation and not required to correct the hazard?? 10/27/2015National
Posters Be Aware of Your Surroundings  National
Training Tips Beware of Winter's Slippery Surfaces  National
Questions & Answers Can I get a clear interpetation of general industry fall protection? I read an article about 4' now and 6' was also mentioned. 04/16/2008National
Interpretations Center stair rail requirements for fixed industrial stairs greater than 88 inches wide.[1910.23(d)(1)(v)] 05/23/2005National
Interpretations Circumstances under which installation of fixed industrial stairs with a slope between 50 degrees and 70 degrees from the horizontal would be considered a de minimis violation. [1910.24] 02/10/2006National
Interpretations Clarification of fixed stairs strength; minimum of 1,000 lbs. [1910.24(c)] 05/08/2000National
Interpretations Compliance of stair and platform railings with height requirements in OSHA standards for fixed industrial stairs. 08/27/2008National
Questions & Answers Do we need a railing system, tie downs, or some other form of fall protection for maintenance work on an HVAC system approximately 15 feet off the ground? 09/27/2007National
Questions & Answers Do you have any sample slip and fall prevention policies? 02/26/2010National
Questions & Answers Do you have fall protection information for general industry, not construction? 12/17/2009National
Questions & Answers Do you have guidance on working at hazardous heights? 05/25/2010National
Handouts Don't Be a 'Fall Guy' (PDF)  National
Handouts Don't Be a 'Fall Guy' (PDF) -- Spanish  National
Training Tips Don't Fall for Trip and Fall Hazards  National
Posters Don't Let Safety Slip Away (PDF)  National
News EHS on Tap: E15 Step To It - OSHA's Walking Working Surfaces Rule 01/09/2017National
Interpretations Electrical Conductor Identification. 12/18/1997National
Trainer's Outlines Fall prevention strategies: Proven methods for reducing falls in general-industry workplaces  National
Training Tips Fall Prevention Training Helps Assure A Soft Landing  National
Interpretations Fall protection for an extendable gangway. 07/24/1995National
Interpretations Fall Protection in the power distribution industry. [1910.269] 09/01/1995National
Interpretations Fall protection requirements when working from ladders in the telecommunications industry.[1910.21(b); 1910.23(a)(2); 1910.23(c)(1); 1910.23(c)(3); 1910.27(b)(1); 1910.27(c)(3); 1910.27(c)(7); 1910.27(d)(2); 1910.27(d)(3); 1910.27(d)(4); 05/23/2005National
Guidance Documents Fall Protection Tips (OSHA Quick Card)  National
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