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Process Safety Management
National Summary

This topic covers Process Safety Management (PSM), which is OSHA’s rule for the regulation and management of highly hazardous chemicals to prevent or minimize employee exposure to the hazards associated with uncontrolled releases of these chemicals.

OSHA’s PSM rule (29 CFR 1910.119) applies to facilities using processes that involve highly hazardous chemicals with threshold values at or above those specified in Appendix A of the PSM rule, or flammable liquids or gas of 10,000 pounds or more. Affected industries include chemical production or use, fabricated metal products, natural gas liquids, farm product warehousing, electric, gas, and sanitary services, and wholesale trade. The PSM rule interacts closely with EPA's Risk Management Plan (RMP) requirements.

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Directives 09/13/1994 - CPL 2-2.45A CH-1 - Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals 07/22/2003National
Directives 09/28/1992 - CPL 2-2.45A - Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals- Compliance Guidelines and Enforcement Procedures 07/22/2003National
Interpretations 1910.119 - Highly Hazardous Chemicals, types of hardware that see contact with explosives. 05/25/1994National
Violations 2009 Violation Summary for Process Safety Management - General Industry  National
Violations 2011 Violation Summary for Process Safety Management - General Industry  National
Regulations 29 CFR § 1910.119 Process safety management of highly hazardous chemicals  National
Proposed Rules 29 CFR 1910 - Process Safety Management and Prevention of Major Chemical Accidents 12/09/2013National
Proposed Rules 29 CFR 1910 - Process Safety Management and Prevention of Major Chemical Accidents; Extension of Comment Period 03/07/2014National
Interpretations Applicability of PSM standard to explosive and pyrotechnic manufacturing. 02/04/1998National
Interpretations Applicability of PSM standard to on-site use of methane as fuel.[1910.119(a)(1); 1910.119(h)(3); 1926.64(a)(1); 1926.64(h)(3)] 09/21/2000National
Interpretations Applicability of the Process Safety Management manufacturing processes involving workplace explosives. [1910.109] 12/30/1993National
Interpretations Applicability of the PSM standard to a flammable liquid manufacturing process. 07/09/1999National
Interpretations Application of Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals to the manufacture of explosives and pyrotechnics.[1910.119(a); 1975.1] 06/15/1992National
Interpretations Black liquor recovery boilers, associated oil (or gas) auxiliary fuel burner systems and PSM. [1910.119] 06/09/1993National
News California working group releases final recommendations for refinery safety 03/13/2014National
Interpretations Carburization process and the applicability of Process Safety Management for Highly Hazardous Chemicals.[1910.119] 11/28/1995National
Interpretations Cellulose nitrate and the PSM Standard. [1910.119] 07/20/1992National
Interpretations Ceramic firing utilizing propane in amounts exceeding 10,000 pounds not subject to process safety management standard. [1910.119] 08/28/1992National
Interpretations Chlorine storage facility plan and the applicability of the Process Safety Management (PSM) of Highly Hazardous Chemicals Standard. 08/15/1995National
Interpretations Clarification of laboratory and process relative to process safety management standard. [1910.119] 06/24/1992National
Interpretations Clarification of PSM applicability to processes that are based partly or solely on quantities in connected atmospheric storage tanks.[1910.119; 1910.119(a)(1)(ii)(B); 1910.1450] 02/11/2003National
Interpretations Clarification of the Process Safety Management standard with regard to material and energy balances. [1910.119] 09/25/1995National
Interpretations Clarification of the retail facilities exemption under the PSM standard. [1910.119; 1910.119(a)(2)(i)] 12/12/2005National
Interpretations Clarification on the documentation of inspections and tests required under the mechanical integrity provisions.[1910; 1910.119] 09/16/1996National
Interpretations Clarification on the time allowed for completion of the initial process hazard analysis (PHA) as it may apply to a hypothetical case involving four different work sites of an employer. [1910.119] 06/01/1995National
Interpretations Clarification on whether flammable liquids used to mix (1) inks used in printing on aluminum foil and paper and (2) paint used in coating aluminum sheets are covered by the PSM standard. [1910.119] 09/27/1994National
Interpretations Coating processes covered by the PSM standard. [1910.119] 09/20/1993National
Interpretations Compliance Audits of the Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals Standard.[1910.119] 03/21/1995National
Interpretations Confirmation that mixing of liquefied butane, transferred by a CTMV, with gasoline stored in atmospheric tanks at terminals is not covered by the PSM Standard. [1910.119] 05/17/1995National
Interpretations Coverage of stored flammables under the process safety management standard. 05/12/1997National
Interpretations Deadlines for completion of process hazard analysis. [1910.119] 06/03/1993National
Interpretations Delivery of hydrogen peroxide, 52% by weight or greater. [1910.119] 09/08/1993National
Interpretations Dimethylamine and Anhydrous Dimethlamine and the PSM standard. [1910.119] 07/09/1993National
Interpretations Documentation methods used to comply with the qualitative evaluation of a range of possible safety/health effects of "failure of controls" requirement of the PSM standard. 02/01/2005National
Interpretations Employee participation requirements of the Process safety management standard. [1910.119] 01/08/1993National
Interpretations Evaluation of scenarios regarding PSM requirements related to normally unoccupied remote facilities and natural gas processing plants (gas plant).[1910.119; 1910.119(b)] 02/16/2005National
Interpretations Extent of OSHA's jurisdiction over worksites involving geological and underground storage facilities for gas and hazardous liquids. 10/07/2008National
News Feds taking steps to improve chemical plant safety 06/19/2014National
Interpretations Final rule on process safety management of highly hazardous chemicals, formaldehyde. [1910.119] 07/28/1992National
Interpretations Formaldehyde (37% by weight or greater) in the Process Safety Management Standard. [1910.119] 06/28/1992National
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