The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is responsible for administering and enforcing the federal OSH Act of 1970. OSHA regulations set out uniform national standards for workplace safety and health practices throughout the country. There are rules for hazard assessments, employee safety and health, hazard communication, recordkeeping, OSHA inspections, employee rights, penalties, and most frequent OSHA violations.
Some states have their own federally approved occupational safety and health regulatory programs; these are known as “state-plan” states. Regulations in state-plan states must be at least as stringent as federal OSHA regulations, but states may adopt stricter regulations.
Refer to the following charts for an overview of state differences in safety and health regulations: