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Cranes and Slings
National Summary

This topic covers OSHA’s regulations for cranes, derricks, and rigging in nonconstruction workplaces.

Cranes and slings are used to hoist and move heavy and bulky materials, with considerable risk of injury to crane operators and handlers. For that reason, OSHA has adopted crane and sling regulations that prescribe procedures for handling heavy loads safely. The cranes, slings, and derricks rules for general industry workplaces address procedures for equipment operations, personnel training, qualifications and requirements of “designated” persons, and detailed requirements for equipment maintenance and inspection.

For related resources and training information, refer to the following topics:

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Interpretations Compliance for crane hoisted personnel platforms. 07/22/1996National
Interpretations Load testing of underhung trolleys/lifting devices.[1910.179(b)(2)] 11/02/1993National
Directives 02/08/1982 - STD 3-12.4 - Interpretation of "Normal Operating Conditions" for Overhead and Gantry Cranes, and Derricks 07/16/2003National
Directives 07/15/1991 - PUB 8-1.8 - Guidelines on the Stability of Well Servicing Derricks 07/22/2003National
Directives 10/01/1981 - CPL 2-1.14B - 29 CFR 1910.184(e)(4), Alloy Steel Chain Slings Proof Testing 07/16/2003National
Directives 10/30/1978 - STD 2-1.7 - Interpretation of 1918.74(a)(9)(viii)(d), Guidance on Requirements for Load Indicating Devices on Cranes 07/09/2003National
Directives 11/02/1979 - STD 2-1.4A - 29 CFR 1918.74(a)(9), Crane Load Indicating Device 07/09/2003National
Regulations 29 CFR § 1910.179 Overhead and gantry cranes  National
Regulations 29 CFR § 1910.180 Crawler locomotive and truck cranes  National
Regulations 29 CFR § 1910.184 Slings  National
Interpretations A crane may be used for rated load testing of below-the-hook lifting device provided the test does not exceed 125% for the crane's rated load.[1910.179] 08/08/1994National
Interpretations A worm drive gearbox is not considered to be a holding brake. [1910.179; 1910.179(a)(2); 1910.179(f)(1)(i); 1910.179(f)(1)(ii)] 11/15/2005National
Notices Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Overhead and Gantry Cranes Standard 07/31/2017National
Interpretations Applicable standards for Below-the-Hook Lifting Devices and slings. 10/01/1998National
Questions & Answers Are there any training materials for hoist/cranes and slings? 12/02/2009National
Questions & Answers Are we required to have our chains and slings inspected by an outside certified group? And if so, how often? 11/25/2013National
Questions & Answers Can motorized equipment such as a crane be used as an anchor point to tie off too in a fall protection situation, such as working on the roof of a building? 04/14/2011National
Interpretations Clarification of Overhead and Gantry Cranes definition of 08/28/2003National
Interpretations Clarification of overhead and gantry cranes. 01/03/1997National
Toolbox Talks Crane and Hoist Safety Practices (Word)  National
7 Minute Safety Trainer Crane and Sling Safety (Outline)  National
Handouts Crane and Sling Safety [7-Minute Safety Trainer]  National
Quizzes Crane and Sling Safety [7-Minute Safety Trainer]  National
Checklists Crane Daily Inspection Checklist  National
Clip Art Crane Hook  National
Checklists Crane Preoperational Checklist  National
Audio Presentations Crane Rigging  National
Speaker's Notes Crane Rigging - Script View  National
7 Minute Safety Trainer Crane Rigging (Outline)  National
Handouts Crane Rigging (PDF)  National
Training Exercises Crane Rigging (PDF)  National
Training Exercises Crane Rigging (PDF)  National
Trainer's Guides Crane Rigging (PDF)  National
PowerPoints Crane Rigging (PPT)  National
Quizzes Crane Rigging (Word)  National
Handouts Crane Rigging [7-Minute Safety Trainer]  National
Quizzes Crane Rigging [7-Minute Safety Trainer]  National
Handouts Crane Rigging--Spanish  National
Quizzes Crane Rigging--Spanish  National
Handouts Crane, Derrick, and Sling Safety (PDF)  National
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