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Cranes and Derricks (Construction)
National Summary

This topic overs cranes and derricks, rigging, signaling, hoisting, suspended personnel platforms, fall protection, and crane operator certification in construction work.

OSHA’s rules for cranes and derricks in construction apply to power-operated equipment when used in construction that can hoist, lower, and horizontally move a suspended load. The definition does not include helicopter cranes, which are covered in a separate rule.

Common causes of injuries associated with crane operations addressed in the OSHA rules are struck by load, electrocution, crushing during assembly/disassembly, failure of boom, crane tip-over, struck by cab/counterweight, and falls.

For related resources and training materials, refer to the following topics:

  • Cranes and Slings for information about OSHA’s regulations for cranes, derricks, and slings in nonconstruction workplaces
  • Construction—General for informaton on general safety and health responsibilities of employers and contractors at construction sites

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Interpretations Hoisting of personnel prohibited while other loads are being hoisted. 07/22/1996National
Interpretations Inspections of derricks and cranes[1926.550] 04/15/1992National
Interpretations Numerous questions related to operational aids required by various standards for cranes and derricks in construction.[1926.1416; 1926.1416(e)(5)(i); 1926.1416(e)(5)(ii); 1926.1427; 1926.1427(a)] 03/13/2012National
Directives 05/09/1980 - STD 3-12.1A - 29 CFR 1926.550(a)(15)(i) Clearance Between Electrical Power Lines and Cranes 07/16/2003National
Directives 07/15/1982 - STD 3-13.2 - 29 CFR 1926.605(a)(1) as Applied to Marine Construction 07/18/2003National
Directives 10/30/1978 - STD 3-12.2 - Uniformity in Interpretation of 29 CFR 1926.550(a)(9) 07/09/2003National
Violations 2009 Violation Summary for Cranes and Derricks - Construction  National
Violations 2011 Violation Summary for Cranes and Derricks - Construction  National
Regulations 29 CFR § 1926.550 Cranes and derricks  National
Final Rules 29 CFR 1926 - Cranes and Derricks in Construction 08/09/2010National
Proposed Rules 29 CFR 1926 - Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Demolition and Underground Construction 08/17/2012National
Final Rules 29 CFR 1926 - Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Demolition and Underground Construction 08/17/2012National
Proposed Rules 29 CFR 1926 - Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Operator Certification 04/15/2014National
Final Rules 29 CFR 1926 - Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Revising the Exemption for Digger Derricks; Withdrawal of direct final rule 02/07/2013National
Final Rules 29 CFR 1926 - Cranes and Derricks in Construction; Approval of Information Collection Requirements 11/08/2010National
Proposed Rules 29 CFR 1926 - Exemption for Digger Derricks in the Cranes and Derricks in Construction Standard 11/09/2012National
Final Rules 29 CFR 1926 - Exemption for Digger Derricks in the Cranes and Derricks in Construction Standard 11/09/2012National
Final Rules 29 CFR 1926 - Revising the Exemption for Digger Derricks 05/29/2013National
Final Rules 29 CFR 1926 - Safety and Health Regulations for Construction 02/15/2013National
Final Rules 29 CFR 1926 - Safety Standards for Cranes and Derricks 06/12/2003National
Notices 29 CFR 1926 - Safety Standards for Cranes and Derricks 06/18/2004National
Proposed Rules 29 CFR 1926.1427(k) - Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Operator Certification 02/10/2014National
Notices Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Cranes and Derricks in Construction Standard 11/29/2013National
Notices Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck Cranes Standard 11/19/2013National
Notices Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Overhead and Gantry Cranes Standard 02/10/2014National
Notices Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Rigging Equipment for Material Handling Standard 01/31/2014National
Interpretations Alloy steel chain slings must not be loaded beyond working load limit.[1926.251(b)(4); 1926.251(a)(2); 1926.550(a)(19)] 08/04/2000National
Interpretations Annual crane inspections must be conducted by a competent person; no requirement for the inspection to take place within the United States.[1926.550; 1926.550(a)(6)] 10/31/2003National
Interpretations Applicable construction standards to hydraulic cranes and derricks.[1926.550; 1910.180; 1926.550(a)(17); 1926.550(a)(15)] 05/23/2001National
Interpretations Application of CPL 2-1.29, Interim Inspection Procedures during Communication Tower Construction Activities.[1926.550(g)(2); 1926.753(a)(4); 1926.750; 1926.550(g)] 04/25/2001National
Interpretations Cage, skip and load connections to hoist ropes.[1926.800] 08/19/1992National
Questions & Answers Can you use a friction crane to lift personnel in a man basket? 08/20/2012National
Interpretations Cardiovascular Stress and the use of Crane or Derrick Suspended Personnel Platforms[1926.550] 02/18/1992National
Interpretations Certification and qualification requirements for mechanics, inspectors, and testers under the Cranes and Derricks in Construction standards.[1926.1400; 1926.1404; 1926.1412; 1926.1427; 1926.1429] 03/14/2012National
Interpretations Clarification as to whether operators of mobile cranes with operator cabs are subject to seat belt requirements.[1926.28(a); 1926.601; 1926.601(a); 1926.601(b)(9)] 01/27/2004National
Interpretations Clarification of utility owner/operator obligation to provide voltage information.[1926.1407; 1926.1407(e); 1926.1408] 10/13/2011National
Questions & Answers Concerning the digger derrick exempltion, is the term electric-utility inclusive of electrical contractors that may subcontract to a Utility constructing electric lines? 02/04/2014National
Handouts Construction Crane Signal Safety for Supervisors (PDF)  National
Quizzes Construction Crane Signal Safety for Supervisors (PDF)  National
Handouts Construction Crane Signal Safety for Supervisors (PDF) -- Spanish  National
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